Muscle Imbalance

During a thorough physiotherapy assessment  we are able to identify muscle groups that are tighter or weaker than they should be or too tense or bulky from being overused. This can be termed muscle imbalance. It may arise as the result of an injury or be a long term problem that has contributed to your current injury or pain.

There are certain muscles in the body more prone to tightness and some that are more prone to becoming lengthened and weak. These muscles are often found in opposing groups and in muscles that are compensating for problems in nearby muscle groups. A common pattern is seen is in the hamstrings, they are often tight and overused in compensation for  weakness in the gluteals (hip/bottom muscles). This can lead to pain in the hip and knee if not addressed properly. Similarly the back muscles can become tight and overused while the abdominal muscles are lengthened and weak.

There are many muscle imbalance problems that can occur in the body. They can only be identified by careful examination and addressed by specific exercises. These are often slow, controlled exercises and stretches as seen in Pilates and yoga but can be adapted to suit any patient in any environment.